Trees – Age

For young or small trees (seedlings, cuttings, transplants and occasionally whips and feathered trees), it is necessary to specify the age and condition of the tree.

Within these definitions the following conventions are followed:  + or / indicates transplanting;  u or = indicates undercutting.

Description Definition
1+0 or 1/0 A 1 year old seedling which has not been transplanted
0= or 1/0= A 1 year old undercut seedling
1u1 A 2 year old seedling, undercut after 1 year but not transplanted from the seedbed
2+0 or 2/0 A 2 year old seedling which has not been transplanted
2u2 A 4 year old seedling, undercut after 2 years but not transplanted from the seedbed
0/1 A 1 year old hardwood cutting which has not been transplanted
0/2 A 2 year old hardwood cutting which has not been transplanted
1+1 or 1/1 2 year old seedling transplant; 1 year in seedbed, transplanted and grown on for one year
1+2 or 1/2 3 year old seedling transplant; 1 year in seedbed, transplanted and grown on for 2 years
2+1 or 2/1 2+1 or 2/1 3 year old seedling transplant, 2 years in seedbed, transplanted and grown on for 1 year
2+2 or 2/2 4 year old seedling transplant, 2 years in seedbed, transplanted and grown on for 2 years
0/1/1 2 year old cutting transplant, 1 year in cutting bed, transplanted and grown on for 1 year
0/1/2 3 year old cutting transplant, one year in cutting bed, transplanted and grown on for 2 years
0/2/1 3 year old cutting transplant, 2 years in cutting bed, transplant and grown on for 1 year

Whips and Feathered Trees
Although it may be possible to specify the Age/Condition of a Whip or Feathered tree more typically the overall height is the primary criterion for the specification of these trees.

Number of times transplanted
Transplanting (or undercutting) encourages a compact and fibrous root system and enables the easier and more successful supply and establishment of large trees. The following are recommendations for the number of times trees of different sizes should be transplanted. Ideally trees should be transplanted once every three years until Semi-Mature or Specimen size when they should be transplanted every five years.

Form No of times transplanted
Feathered trees up to 200/250 cm 2 times (2x)
Clear stem standards and feathered trees 2 – 3 times (2 – 3 x)
Semi-mature trees 20cm + 4 – 6 times (4 – 6 x)
Multi stemmed and bushy trees 2 – 4 times (2 – 4 x)